Typus Orbis Terrarum, 1588
Made by Abraham Ortelius. From the atlas Theatro de la Tierra Universal de Abraham Ortelio, Comographo del Rey Nuestro Senor con sus Declaraciones Traduzidas d'el Latin. Published in Antwerp, Belgium in 1588.
Maps were no longer just for kings and scholars. By the late 1500s, maps were increasingly purchased by ‘regular’ (though still fairly wealthy) people. After all, everyone was interested in the voyages of discovery and exploration going on at this time. European map makers now had enough dribbles of information to piece together world maps based largely on observation rather than on myth.
Ortelius gathered information from many different sources for this world map. The Americas are here, and even part of Australia. Monsters and the worst errors are pressed into parts of the world farthest from Europe: The Antarctic coast and the Pacific Ocean. European mapmakers, however, had no hint of North America's Great Lakes yet -- the St. Lawrence River extends deep into the continent with no large lakes to speak of.
This map appeared in the World’s first modern atlas. Though expensive, the publication was wildly successful. About 3,000 copies were made in several languages i n several editions published 1570 to 1641. This particular map was in the 1588 Spanish-language edition of the atlas.
This map was purchased with funds gifted by the late Dr. David Campbell.
Citation: Typus Orbis Terrarum. Made by Abraham Ortelius. From the atlas Theatro de la Tierra Universal. Published in Antwerp in 1588.
Ortelius Atlas Maps: An Illustrated Guide. 2nd rev. ed. Written by Marcel Van den Broecke and published in Houten, Netherlands in 2011.
Commercial Cartography and Map Production in the Low Countries, 1500 – ca. 1672. Written by Cornelis Koeman, Gunter Schilder, Marco van Egmond, and Peter van der Krogt. In the book, The History of Cartography, vol. 3: Cartography in the European Renaissance, Part 2. Edited by David Woodward and published in Chicago by the University of Chicago Press in 2007.