How to Self-Publish
You must submit two files:
Files submitted for print must be PDF files.
To self-publish or print a copyrighted work, you must either own the content or have permission from the copyright holder. Printing public domain works, open documents, and single, personal-use copies of electronic books with proof of purchase is also allowed.
Trim Size & Page Count
Book production limitations:
- 2 pages minimum
- 800 pages maximum
- Book width between 2” - 8.4”
- Book height between 2” - 10.7”
Pages print double-sided on portrait, letter-sized (8.5”x 11”) paper. One PDF page prints on each side of a sheet of paper, so a 40-page book contains 20 sheets of paper. Pages may be printed single-sided by request. If you would like content printed on only one side of each page (e.g. only on the right-hand pages, with left-hand pages left blank), please specify that when placing an order.
After binding, books may be trimmed to a smaller size. Please be sure that the page size in the design files matches your desired trim size of the finished book. The maximum trim size is 8.4" by 10.7".
Calculating Spine Size
Before you can finalize the cover, you need to know the spine width. To calculate the spine width, you need to know the total number of pages in your book as well as the number of pages per inch, or PPI of the paper. Our standard paper's PPI is 434.
The formula to calculate the spine width is: Number of pages ÷ PPI = Spine width
For example, a book with a length of 245 pages would use this formula:
245 pages ÷ 434 PPI = .564516129 inches
To ensure accuracy, please include the first three digits after the decimal. Round up or down as necessary. In the example above, .564516129 is rounded to .565.
The cover design is at the discretion of its creator with regard to our guidelines.
You can request a cover template by emailing the publishing services staff if you are unable to produce your own. The cover prints in full color on 17" x 11" cover stock. Matte, satin, and gloss cover stocks are available.
Your cover image (no matter the size) must be centered horizontally and vertically on a tabloid/ledger (17" x 11") document. Please note: a left-to-right book will have the back cover on the left half and the front cover on the right half of a 17" x 11" sheet with the cover content proportional to the actual size of the book.
If requesting a cover template from staff, please specify the final trim size of the book, the total number of pages, and your preferred software for designing the cover.
We recommend keeping a .75" margin on all sides. Constrain all content within this border. Avoid crowding the edges of the document to ensure none of your content falls outside the printable area or is trimmed off.
It is best to have graphic elements (background, images, etc.) extend 0.125" beyond your desired desired trim size. "Bleeding" the content off the page allows the printed content to run edge-to-edge, rather than having white borders.
Like the book block, make sure that the fonts used on the cover are easily read (maybe even from a distance) and properly aligned within the margins and the spine.
Please keep font files, as well as a record of the fonts used and where they were obtained (if from an internet source). Publishing services staff may ask for these files or records.
If you are using Adobe InDesign to create your cover, please visit the InDesign Resources page for instructional videos and a downloadable cover template script that can generate an InDesign document with the correct trim size and margins depending on the number of pages in your book.
The book block consists of the front matter, core matter, and back matter. Essentially, the book block is everything between the front and back covers.
Make sure there is at least a .5 inch margin around each side of your page. We recommend the inside margin be slightly larger. The larger interior margin keeps the text from being hidden in the spine gutter.
There are two basic font categories: serif and sans serif.
Serif fonts are much easier to read over long periods of time, especially for print media. This font family is characterized by the “flags” (called serifs) at the ends of each letter’s stroke. Times New Roman, Californian, Garamond, Palatino, and Century are some examples of serif fonts.
Sans serif fonts can look more clean and modern when used in conjunction with serif fonts. This font family is characterized by its lack of “flags” at the ends of each stroke. They are harder to read over extended periods of time but are better displayed on screens for digital media. Examples of sans serif fonts include Lucinda Sans, Verdana, Arial, and Tahoma.
The standard font size for books ranges from 10 point to 12 point type.
In addition, single spacing may be difficult to read over an extended period of time. We recommend line spacing anywhere from 1.08 to 1.5.
The PDF File
Make sure that the page size of your PDF file is the same as your desired trim size. Please export your book interior and cover files to PDF when submitting a book for printing.
Be sure that images are at least 300dpi resolution and are saved as a standard image file such as JPEG, PNG, or (non-animated) GIF. For the highest quality image reproduction, use TIFF image files.
Image files should be the same size or larger than the size they will be printed. Larger images can scale down without a loss in quality, but enlarging a small image will result in blurry and/or pixelated image reproduction.
Remember, any images printed in the book block will print as black and white, even if they are included in the PDF as color images. Color printing is available upon request for an additional $0.10 per color page.
Booklet Design Tips
Since booklets are made from sheets of paper printed double-sided and folded in half, there are four pages printed on one sheet of paper. Keeping this in mind, the total page count for booklets should be a multiple of four. The exception to this would be if the booklet has a cover that is only printed on the outside, in which case, the interior pages should be a multiple of four.
Since pages are folded in half (11 x 8.5 sheets are folded to 5.5 x 8.5), booklets should be designed with a portrait orientation. If printed on 17x11 sheets and folded down to 8.5x11, the maximum width for booklets would be 8.5", and the maximum height would be 11". If a landscape orientation is desired, the maximum width is 8.5".
Guide for Publishing and Book Design Basics
For further information about standard elements of book design, please reference our publishing guide: